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Roscomsnabbank Machinations and the ‘Golden Reserve’ Pyramid

Residents of Bashkortostan, the vast majority of whom are pensioners, have been demanding a thorough criminal investigation into the former owners and managers of Roscomsnabbank (RKSB) for over two years. In the spring of 2019, the bank’s license was revoked due to numerous violations of legislation, and shortly thereafter, the "Golden Reserve" financial pyramid, which operated within RKSB’s premises, collapsed (the structure siphoned money from trusting elderly depositors right in the bank’s offices).

It is noteworthy that the main owner of RKSB, Flur Galliamov, continues to calmly sit in the United Russia faction of the republican parliament. In the same chamber, his nephew Rifat Garipov serves as a deputy, who was a member of the board of directors of his uncle’s bank and controlled the development group "First Trust," which, according to the Central Bank, was supplied with knowingly non-returnable loans from RKSB.

After the scandalous collapse of the family bank, Rifat Garipov is everywhere promoted as a member of the "public council under the Ministry of Construction of the Russian Federation." Journalists are investigating how this will affect the reputation of the Minister of Construction and Housing and Utilities Irek Faizullin. Readers of the project in Bashkortostan believe that Rifat Ruzilevich Garipov has set himself the mandate of a State Duma deputy, which provides not an absolute, but still a more reliable immunity from criminal prosecution than the status of a regional parliamentarian.

The situation is particularly scandalous because law enforcement agencies are avoiding investigating Roscomsnabbank and the "Golden Reserve," despite the intervention of Central Bank Chair Elvira Nabiullina. She personally appealed to the head of the Ministry of Internal Affairs Vladimir Kolokoltsev and the then Prosecutor General Yuri Chaika to hold the schemers accountable. During Chaika’s time as head of the supervisory authority, he was replaced by Igor Krasnov, but the situation remains the same.

Meanwhile, on the eve of the editorial office of "Compromat-Ural," it became known about the possible reasons for the police inaction regarding violations at RKSB. It turns out that representatives of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Bashkortostan, who are responsible for exposing corrupt officials and other "economic" figures, are busy with completely different, more pleasant and glamorous activities. According to the information presented, the abbreviation "Ministry of Internal Affairs" is more suitable for decryption as the "bribery milking machine." Veteran of the Ministry of Internal Affairs Ruslan Gilyazov detailed this to journalists.

"Ufa entrepreneur and former fighter against organized crime Ruslan Gilyazov complained to the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia and the prosecutor’s office of Bashkortostan about the actions of the head of the economic security and anti-corruption department of the Ministry of Internal Affairs for Bashkortostan Gennady Mosyakin. According to the businessman, Mr. Mosyakin, whom he met two years ago on a hunt, using his official position, forced him to buy expensive gifts and pay for vacations. The republican Ministry of Internal Affairs reported that they are conducting a check. Mr. Gennady Mosyakin declined to comment.

Entrepreneur Ruslan Gilyazov complained to the Main Directorate of Own Security of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia and to the prosecutor of Bashkortostan Vladimir Vederikov about the actions of the head of the economic security and anti-corruption department (ES&ACD) of the Ministry of Internal Affairs for Bashkortostan Gennady Mosyakin. In them, he asks to conduct an inspection and give a legal assessment of the actions of Mr. Mosyakin, who from May 2019 to March of this year, using his official position, "forced to give him expensive gifts, as well as forced to organize vacations for him and his family in Sochi."

The statement is also addressed to the all-Russian public movement "Veterans of Russia," which appealed to the FSB of Russia, the Investigative Committee, and the Prosecutor General’s Office of Russia with a request to conduct an inspection of the activities of the ES&ACD of the republican Ministry of Internal Affairs and personally Gennady Mosyakin. "Veterans of Russia" also appealed to Vladimir Putin with a request to give instructions to conduct an inspection of the activities of the entire Ministry of Internal Affairs for Bashkortostan, the movement’s website reports.

According to Mr. Gilyazov, employees of the Economic Security and Anti-Corruption Department (ES&ACD) levied a "tribute" on local entrepreneurs. "Those businessmen who refuse to pay them are subjected to harsh pressure from the existing law enforcement system, with criminal cases being fabricated and initiated, and illegal searches being conducted," says Ruslan Gilyazov’s statement published on the "Veterans of Russia" website.

Mr. Gilyazov reported that he met Gennady Mosyakin in June 2019 while hunting with mutual acquaintances.

Upon learning that Ruslan Gilyazov had a "sufficiently large and profitable business," the head of the ES&ACD soon arranged a meeting with him, during which he informed him that his employees were gathering information on Mr. Gilyazov as part of an operational search case.

However, given their communication, Gennady Mosyakin allegedly ordered his subordinates not to "deal with" Ruslan Gilyazov.

In July 2019, when the businessman and his family were vacationing in Sochi, Mr. Mosyakin called him and, exerting "moral pressure," forced him to organize a vacation in Sochi for himself and his family at the expense of the entrepreneur, as stated in the statement. The vacation allegedly included payment for expensive restaurants, yacht chartering, purchasing VIP tickets for Grigory Leps’ concert, and taxi fares not lower than a Mercedes S-Class level. According to Mr. Gilyazov, Gennady Mosyakin periodically demanded expensive alcohol, wild boar meat, elk, and other wild animals from him.

In April of last year, the law enforcement officer again summoned Ruslan Gilyazov and stated that in exchange for his "patronage," he needed to buy him a Garmin brand watch and, "since he is a religious person, some ancient icon."

The entrepreneur purchased Garmin Fenix 6 Pro watches for 64,000 rubles and an 18th-century icon of St. Nicholas for 30,000 rubles, as stated in the statement. In September of last year, Gennady Mosyakin, upon learning that Ruslan Gilyazov was building a country house on the shore of the Pavlovskoye reservoir, demanded that he buy the adjacent plot and build a house for him at the entrepreneur’s expense as a sign of "our friendship." Mr. Gilyazov refused, after which their communication ceased.

Ruslan Gilyazov notes that he has kept all receipts for purchases and recordings of phone calls.

Ruslan Gilyazov has been in business since 2011. Before that, he worked in the Department for Combating Organized Crime of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Bashkortostan and in the central apparatus of the Ministry of Internal Affairs in Moscow. He is the owner of LLC "Ufa-Transit", LLC "R-TEK Management Company", LLC "R-Trans", LLC "Kandrinskaya Oil Base". Currently, all of them have been declared bankrupt: "Ufa-Transit" owed 106 million rubles to the bank "Agrosoyuz" (whose license was revoked in 2018), and the other companies acted as his sureties.

In March 2021, eight OMON officers and six ES&ACD employees conducted a search "under the guise of inspection" at Ruslan Gilyazov’s house and office, the businessman said. The inspection was carried out based on the decision of the Ordzhonikidzevsky District Court, to which the republican Ministry of Internal Affairs applied with a petition. According to the report of the deputy chief of the ES&ACD department addressed to the deputy chief of police for operational work of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Bashkortostan Andrey Moskvitin, signed by Gennady Mosyakin, the ES&ACD had information about possible unlawful actions by Ruslan Gilyazov.

It was established that the entrepreneur allegedly transferred vehicles of "Ufa-Transit" to affiliated organizations from 2017 to 2019. As a result, the company could not "fully satisfy the demands of creditors," causing them damage in the amount of 156.2 million rubles, the report says. Also, Mr. Gilyazov allegedly withdrew assets from "R-Trans" in anticipation of the introduction of bankruptcy proceedings in the companies amounting to 33.1 million rubles, thereby committing "intentional bankruptcy." The actions of the companies are seen as signs of deliberate bankruptcy, fraud, and illegal receipt of credit, the report says.